This really is a model used by many universities that are british publishers.

Example 1: Using Quotations

The extract below, from a paper on Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, shows how quotations can be utilized. Because the paper quotes through the novel extensively, page numbers are observed within the main body associated with text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have now been provided in a footnote to the first quotation. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, in the main body associated with the paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, accocunts for an paragraph that is indented. Observe that even when the writing by the writer of the paper is coupled with quotations from the novel and sources that are secondary sentences are nevertheless grammatically correct and coherent.

Jean Brodie is convinced of this rightness of her own power, and uses it in a frightening manner: ‘Give me a lady at an impressionable age, and she actually is mine for a lifetime’. 1 this really is Miss Brodie’s adoption of this Jesuit formula, but, whereas they claim the kid for God, she moulds the child on her behalf own ends. ‘you are mine,’ she says, ‘. of my cut and stamp . ‘ (129). When Sandy, her most pupil that is perceptive sees the ‘Brodie set’ ‘as a body with Miss Brodie for the head’ (36), there is certainly, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel with all the Church once the body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie’s rival, and also this is demonstrated in a literal way when certainly one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and is preparing herself for confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie’s influence and chooses to carry on the Modern side in the Senior school although Jean Brodie makes clear her own preference when it comes to Classical. Eunice refuses to continue her role due to the fact group’s jester, or even to go with them towards the ballet. Cunningly, her tutor tries to regain control by playing on her religious convictions:

All of that term she attempted to inspire Eunice to become at the least a pioneer missionary in a few deadly and zone that is dangerous of earth, because of it was intolerable to Miss Brodie that any one of her girls should grow up not largely aimed at some vocation. ‘you will end up as a Girl Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine’, she said warningly to Eunice, who was in fact secretly attracted to this basic idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81)

Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; this woman is to be a ‘great lover’ (146), and her tutor audaciously absolves her from the sins this can entail: ‘she is above the code that is moral it generally does not apply to her’ (146). This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the girls’ judgement of Miss Brodie’s actions.

The aforementioned passage is taken from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7.

Example 2: installation of a bibliography

The bibliography will often through the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay, even from them directly if you have not referred to or quoted. The order is alphabetical and determined by the authors’ names. Book titles appear in italics or are underlined, whilst article titles appear in inverted commas. When talking about books you really need to through the author’s name, host to publication, the publisher, and also the date as soon as the written book was published. The number and/or volume number, the date of publication and the page numbers to reference the source of an article from a journal include the name of the journal. There are lots of styles for installation of a bibliography, but the same elements appear in each, and you also must certanly be consistent. Consult the handbooks can be found within the libraries for further details.

This can be a model used by many universities that are british publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete, Television and also the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995)
Dubois, Ellen, ‘Antipodean Feminism’, New Left Review, no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33
Fussel, Paul, the fantastic War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975)
Gledhill, Christine, ‘Melodrama’, in The Cinema Book, ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84
Lodge, David, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘ in David Lodge, The Novelist during the Crossroads along with other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44
Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993)

This is basically the model recommended by the current Languages Association (MLA) and it is utilized by most American universities and publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete. Television plus the Public Sphere. London: Sage Publishers, 1995.
Dubois, Ellen. “Antipodean Feminism.” New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33
Fussel, Paul. The fantastic War and Modern Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Gledhill, Christine. “Melodrama” in The Cinema Book. Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84
Lodge, David. “The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” in David Lodge The Novelist in the Crossroads along with other Essays on Fiction and Criticism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44
Pettifer, James. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993.

The essential information provided by each model is given in identical order, but they differ in the way that the main points are presented. Whichever model you select or are instructed to use make sure that you stay consistent to it.

Consult reference works well with further advice. These books are in the open shelves:
· John Clanchy and Brigid Ballard, Simple tips to Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992)
· Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995)

1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7 essay helper. All references that are further to this edition and given in the text.

2 David Lodge, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘, in David Lodge, The Novelist in the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.

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